Tag Archives: Maps

The value of old maps

The cottage at Mosside croft, home of my Fraser ancestors, was built of stone with a slate roof and is next to a stone walled steading (barn), but as the Frasers lived there from about 1840 I doubt these were the original buildings. Studying old maps has helped me pinpoint when the now derelict croft buildings might have been constructed.

The National Library of Scotland has loads of old maps online, so you can open a digital image and zoom in to the particular place you want to study. The web site can be found at http://maps.nls.uk

The OS 25 inch map surveyed in 1872 shows Mosside as below – Mosside isn’t named but it’s the one at the top of the lane numbered BM 331.2

Mosside 1872 Map 25%22

There seems to be one long building with a much smaller one behind it. Below is what appears on the OS 25 inch map surveyed in 1899, this time numbered BM 331.1. What I know as the cottage is now there, but it wasn’t in 1872.

Mosside 1899 OS Map 25%22

This seems to be convincing evidence that the stone cottage with the slate roof that’s still standing today was built some time between 1872 and 1899. This is interesting, as my gg grandfather Alexander Fraser took over the croft when my ggg grandfather William Fraser died in 1877. Perhaps it was Alexander who rebuilt it.

This leads to the question: what were the Frasers living in before then? There would have been one long low building, as shown on the 1872 map, divided into two – the people lived and slept in one half and the animals had the other half. It would have been built of rough stones, with a roof thatched with turf or heather. The floor was most likely dirt, perhaps incorporating some stone. Originally an open fire would have been in the middle of the floor, with an opening at the centre of the roof for the smoke. Chimneys came late to Scottish crofter’s cottages. All in all, it was primitive and not very comfortable – and no doubt damp, dark and smelly.

This means that in 1861 the old style, possibly one roomed cottage accommodated a household comprising William and his wife Christian, in their 50s, 2 of their adult daughters, their youngest son age 11, 5 grandchildren aged from 16 months to 6 years, and the pauper boarder John Black age 29. Where on earth did they all sleep? How did they feed them all at meal times?

When the new cottage was built, it looks as if the old one was converted into a steading, and the people and the animals finally had their own buildings. But the new cottage only had two rooms downstairs and one attic room upstairs so it wasn’t exactly large. When my mother went there for summer holidays in the 1920s, there would have been 10 people to be accommodated. My suspicion is that young men and boys still slept with the animals, and were bedded down in the steading.